Diseases Health Topics

Featured Conditions and Diseases
Ataxia telangiectasia is a rare disease that breaks down the body's immune system. This eMedTV resource explores the causes, diagnosis, and treatment options for this condition, as well as the increased cancer risks people with this disease face.
There are more than 80 types of autoimmune diseases, which include multiple sclerosis and scleroderma. This eMedTV resource discusses these diseases at length, which occur when your immune cells mistake your body's cells as invaders and attack them.
Avian influenza is highly contagious among birds, especially domestic birds, but rarely infects people. This eMedTV article discusses avian influenza in detail, including subtypes, how it is transmitted, and the danger, if any, it poses to people.
Behcet's disease can lead to problems such as arthritis and ulcers on the genitals and mouth. This eMedTV resource offers an in-depth look at this condition, including information on possible causes, symptoms, and treatment options for this disease.
Toxins produced by a group of bacteria known as Clostridium botulinum cause the disease known as botulism. This eMedTV page provides details about this rare but serious illness, including how it is acquired, symptoms, and treatment options.
A common source of botulism food poisoning, as this eMedTV page explains, is improperly preserved home-processed foods with low acid content (like corn and beets). This page offers tips for preventing botulism, like refrigerating oils that contain garlic.
CFS myths circulating include the false notion that people with the condition lose their fingerprints. This eMedTV article debunks myths concerning chronic fatigue syndrome and recommends credible sources for information about CFS.
Cowpox is a rare disease that is commonly spread through direct contact with an ulcer on a cow's teat. This eMedTV resource offers a more in-depth look at this condition and its causes, symptoms, and treatment options.
CREST is an acronym that spells out some of the common symptoms of systemic scleroderma. This selection from the eMedTV library goes into greater detail about these symptoms, and also includes information on the different types of scleroderma.
Diaper dermatitis is a rash that occurs when the skin under the diaper is irritated from stool or urine. This eMedTV article explores other causes of this condition, explains what the rash looks like, and describes various treatment options.
Giardiasis is an intestinal illness that causes diarrhea. This eMedTV article offers an in-depth look at the condition, including symptoms, common transmission methods, and treatment options. Links to additional information are also provided.
An autoimmune condition, Graves' disease is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism in the United States. This eMedTV selection provides an overview of this condition, including information on its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and more.
The most common type of botulism is infant botulism, which accounts for 75 percent of all cases each year. This eMedTV segment explains this condition in detail, including causes, symptoms, treatments, and prognosis, and more.
An estimated 10 to 20 percent of Americans come down with influenza, or the flu, each year. This eMedTV page covers this highly contagious respiratory infection, including how it is transmitted, who is at risk, and how it's different from a cold.
Leprosy is a complex infectious disease caused by an infection with the bacteria Mycobacterium leprae. This eMedTV article discusses the disease in detail, including its history, transmission methods, the various types, treatments, and prevalence.
Lung sarcoidosis is characterized by the formation of tiny lumps of cells (granulomas) in the lungs. As this eMedTV article explains, this condition is not a form of cancer. This portion of the Web site provides an overview of lung sarcoidosis.
Monkeypox is a very rare viral disease that can be transmitted through animal to human contact. This part of the eMedTV archives explores this illness, including its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options.
Myasthenia gravis is a disease characterized by a certain type of muscle weakness. As this eMedTV article explains, the weakness increases during activity and improves after rest. This page lists the causes, symptoms, and treatments of this disease.
Neurosarcoidosis is a form of sarcoidosis that affects the brain or central nervous system. This page from the eMedTV archives provides a detailed description of this condition, including information on its symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.
Ocular myasthenia gravis is a condition that can cause eye weakness that increases during activity. This eMedTV segment provides an overview of this condition, including information on its symptoms, causes, and treatment options.
Polymyalgia rheumatica is a condition that can cause pain and stiffness in the neck, shoulders, and hips. This eMedTV article explains this medical condition in detail, including information on its symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.
Characterized by scarred lung tissue, pulmonary fibrosis is a disease that can result from other conditions. This eMedTV article describes the symptoms of pulmonary fibrosis, explores the causes of this condition, and lists available treatments.
Raynaud's disease involves a lack of blood supply to the extremities. As this eMedTV article explains, this can result in numbness, tingling, and other symptoms. This page takes a closer look at the causes, symptoms, and treatment of this condition.
This eMedTV page describes Raynaud's phenomenon, a condition affecting small blood vessels in the fingers, toes, nose, and ears, often triggered by exposure to cold. This page also explains symptoms and treatment options associated with the condition.
Sarcoidosis occurs when small clumps of cells are produced in various organs of the body. As this eMedTV page explains, it is not a form of cancer. This article takes an in-depth look at this condition and its causes, symptoms, and treatment.
SARS is a highly contagious (and sometimes deadly) viral disease that was discovered in 2002. This eMedTV article offers an in-depth look at this illness, including information on its transmission, causes, symptoms, and treatment options.
Although scleroderma may be referred to as a single disease, it is really a symptom of a group of diseases. This eMedTV article discusses this condition in detail, including information about symptoms, subtypes, treatment options, and prognosis.
Sjogren's syndrome is an autoimmune disease in which the moisture-producing glands are targeted. As this eMedTV resource explains, it causes dryness, especially in the mouth and eyes. Symptoms, treatments, and additional links are also provided.
As this eMedTV article explains, it is important for pregnant women with active tuberculosis (TB) to start treatment as soon as TB is suspected. This page offers information on treating this condition during pregnancy.
Typhoid fever is a potentially life-threatening illness caused by the bacterium Salmonella typhi. This eMedTV article provides an overview of the disease, including information about transmission, diagnosis, treatment options, and prognosis.
A urinary tract infection, or UTI, is an infection of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or urethra. This eMedTV article explains possible causes and symptoms of a UTI. Risk factors and treatment options for urinary tract infections are also discussed.
This eMedTV article explains that Wegener's granulomatosis (a condition that mainly affects the upper respiratory tract) is a rare disease in which the blood vessels become inflamed. This page discusses this condition in detail.
Characterized by severe coughing spells, whooping cough is a respiratory system illness caused by bacteria. This eMedTV article provides an overview of whooping cough, including information about its symptoms, complications, and treatment options.
Featured Medications
As this eMedTV page explains, Benlysta is a medication used in the treatment of lupus. This article gives a complete overview of this prescription drug, with details on how it works, possible side effects, dosing guidelines, and more.
Deferiprone tablets are taken three times daily to reduce high levels of iron in the blood in some people. This eMedTV page features more information on this prescription drug, including when it is prescribed, dosing instructions, side effects, and more.
DTaP is a vaccine used to prevent bacterial infections that cause diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis. This eMedTV resource further describes the vaccine and offers information about vaccination schedules and precautions to be aware of.
Ilaris is used to treat cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes, which are rare inflammatory conditions. This eMedTV article contains details on what else this medicine is used for, how it works, dosing instructions, possible side effects, and more.
The influenza vaccine is usually given through an injection, but a new nasal spray has recently been approved by the FDA. This eMedTV resource explains how the influenza vaccine is created, who should get it, and possible side effects.
Menveo is a vaccination that offers protection against bacterial meningitis and other conditions. This eMedTV article takes an in-depth look at this injected vaccine, explaining who can use it, how it works, possible side effects, and more.
Available by prescription, rilonacept is licensed for treating certain genetic autoinflammatory conditions. This eMedTV page contains an overview of this medication, including details on how it works, how the injections are given, side effects, and more.
Tdap is a diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis vaccine used as a booster for adults and adolescents. This eMedTV Web page describes how the vaccine works, explains how often it is given, and offers general warnings and precautions for this product.
The typhoid vaccine can offer protection from a life-threatening illness, but it is not for everyone. This eMedTV article discusses the two types of vaccine that are available and explains who should get vaccinated and who should not.
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