Diseases Home > Typhoid Fever Treatment

Antibiotics used for treating typhoid fever can kill the typhoid fever bacteria. People undergoing treatment should wash their hands often and refrain from serving food. When treatment is started early, the prognosis is often good. However, even with treatment, 20 percent of people have another episode of typhoid fever, although this is usually not as severe as the first infection.

Typhoid Fever Treatment: An Overview

Typhoid fever treatment involves antibiotics that can kill the typhoid fever bacteria (Salmonella typhi). Treatment goals are also focused on providing relief of symptoms as the body and antibiotics fight the typhoid fever.

Using Antibiotics to Treat Typhoid Fever

There are several antibiotics that can be used for typhoid fever treatment. These antibiotics can shorten the course of typhoid fever and reduce the risk of death. The specific antibiotic the doctor recommends will be based on:
  • The strain of typhoid fever bacteria and its sensitivity to specific antibiotics
  • The age and general health of the patient
  • The symptoms of typhoid fever the person is experiencing and their severity.
Many of these antibiotics are given by mouth. In more severe cases, treatment can involve hospitalization and intravenous (IV) antibiotics.

Precautions During Treatment

If you are being treated for typhoid fever, it is important to do the following:
  • Keep taking the prescribed antibiotics for as long as the doctor has asked you to take them.
  • Wash your hands carefully with soap and water after using the bathroom, and do not prepare or serve food for other people. This will lower the chance that you will pass the infection on to someone else.
  • Have your doctor perform a series of stool cultures to ensure that no typhoid fever bacteria remain in your body.
Written by/reviewed by:
Last reviewed by: Arthur Schoenstadt, MD
Last updated/reviewed:
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