Diagnosis of Monkeypox
A diagnosis of monkeypox is usually based on the patient's complete medical history, physical exam, and test results. Before a diagnosis of monkeypox is made, the doctor may consider other possible illnesses that may have similar symptoms. Examples of these diseases include chickenpox, contact dermatitis, and scabies.
In order to make a diagnosis of monkeypox, the doctor will ask a number of questions about:
- Current symptoms
- History of medical conditions
- Family history of medical conditions or illnesses
- Current medications
- Travel history.
The doctor will also perform a physical exam to look for signs and symptoms of monkeypox. This will include a skin exam to look for the monkeypox rash.
If there is a moderate or high suspicion of monkeypox, the doctor may order certain lab tests and refer the person to a dermatologist or infectious disease doctor.
Before a diagnosis of monkeypox is made, the doctor will consider other illnesses that have symptoms similar to the symptoms of monkeypox. Some of these illnesses can include: