Understanding Treatment and Prognosis for Monkeypox

Treatment and Prognosis

Currently, there is no proven, safe treatment for monkeypox.
Studies of human monkeypox in rural central and west Africa -- where people live in remote areas and are medically underserved -- have reported fatality rates of 1 percent to 10 percent. However, this risk would probably be lower in the United States, where nutrition and access to medical care are better.

Monkeypox and the Smallpox Vaccine

Smallpox vaccine has been reported to reduce the risk of monkeypox among previously vaccinated people in Africa. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is recommending that people investigating monkeypox outbreaks and involved in caring for infected individuals or animals should receive a smallpox vaccination to protect against monkeypox. People who have had close or intimate contact with individuals or animals confirmed to have monkeypox should also be vaccinated. These people can be vaccinated up to 14 days after exposure.
CDC is not recommending preexposure vaccination for unexposed veterinarians, veterinary staff, or animal control officers, unless such individuals are involved in field investigations.

Monkeypox Infection

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