How Do I Know If I Have Typhoid Fever?
When a person becomes infected with the bacteria that cause typhoid fever, the bacteria begin to multiply and spread into the bloodstream. After 3 to 60 days, symptoms can occur. This period between becoming infected and the start of symptoms of typhoid fever is known as the incubation period.
Symptoms of typhoid fever vary among individuals. Some will have mild symptoms, while others could have very serious symptoms, including death.
Common symptoms of typhoid fever include:
- A fever as high as 103° to 104° F (39° to 40° C)
- Stomach pains
- Bloody nose
- Loss of appetite
- Decreased heart rate
- Rash of flat, rose-colored spots.
In order to make a diagnosis, your doctor will:
- Ask a number of questions, including recent medical and travel history
- Perform a physical exam
- Recommend certain tests.
As part of diagnosing a typhoid fever bacterial infection, the doctor will also rule out other causes of possible typhoid fever symptoms, such as viral mononucleosis, hepatitis, and malaria.
Treatment involves antibiotics that can kill the bacteria. It also focuses on providing relief of symptoms as the body and antibiotics fight the illness.
When appropriate typhoid fever treatment is started early, the prognosis is very good. With proper treatment, the mortality rate of typhoid fever should be under 1 percent and few complications should occur.