Info on Symptoms, Diagnosing, and Treating UTIs

Symptoms of UTI

Not everyone with a urinary tract infection has UTI symptoms. However, most people will have some symptoms.
Common UTI symptoms may include:
  • A frequent urge to urinate
  • A painful, burning feeling in the area of the bladder or urethra during urination
  • Feeling bad all over -- tired, shaky, washed out -- even when not urinating
  • An uncomfortable pressure above the pubic bone (in women)
  • A fullness in the rectum (in men)
  • Passing only a small amount of urine (despite the urge to urinate)
  • Milky or cloudy urine (urine may even look reddish if blood is present).


Normally, a UTI does not cause fever if it is in the bladder or urethra. However, a fever may mean that the infection has reached the kidneys. Other symptoms of kidney infections include pain in the back or side below the ribs, nausea, or vomiting.

Not everyone with a urinary tract infection will develop symptoms. Children who have urinary tract infections are more likely to have a fever and no other symptoms, which often results in a misdiagnosis.
(Click Urinary Tract Infection Symptoms for more information.)

Diagnosing a UTI

In order to diagnose a patient with a urinary tract infection, doctors will perform a physical exam and order other tests or procedures.
(Click Urinary Tract Infection Diagnosis for more information.)

Treatment for UTI

A UTI is treated with antibiotics. The choice of drug and length of UTI treatment will depend on the patient's medical history and the results of urine tests, which will identify the type of bacteria. The sensitivity test is especially useful in helping the doctor select the most effective drug.
(Click Urinary Tract Infection Treatment for more information about how a UTI is treated.)


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